Once you suspect that you are procrastinating, it can be helpful to review what you are expecting of yourself, and check that those expectations are realistic. This is where planning is vital. Realistic planning To improve the prospect of completing on time, and avoiding procrastination, you need to:
Kevin Bonnett - Sociology What approach should I take - qualitative or quantitative?
Your approach, research design, and research question are all connected. Dissertations can be based on either quantitative or qualitative data, or on a combination of both. How you choose this may depend on your preferences and abilities, and the suitability of particular approaches to your topic.
You need to be able to justify why you have chosen to use such data. Quantitative data is particularly useful when you wish to discover how common particular forms of behaviour such as illegal drug use are for a particular age group.
Qualitative data is particularly useful when you wish to find out why people engage in such behaviour.
Think about the Research Methods modules you have taken so far. Think about the different kinds of studies you have read for other modules. There is plenty of scope to use the approaches and methods that you are most comfortable with.
You need to justify your approach and methods and to cite appropriate literature to help you do this. What if I want to find out about social trends, or the measurable effects of particular policies? You will probably want to use large datasets and undertake quantitative data analysis, and you will be adopting a realist approach to the topic studied.
Quantitative dissertations are likely to be nearer to the lower end of the range of approved lengths for the dissertation e. They will also include tables and figures giving your important findings.
Remember that all tables must be carefully titled and labelled and that sources of your data must be acknowledged.
You will probably want to use in-depth qualitative data, and you may wish to adopt a realist, a phenomenologist, or a constructionist approach to the topic.
Qualitative dissertations will include descriptive material, usually extracts from interviews, conversations, documents or field notes, and are therefore likely to be nearer to the upper limit of your word range e.
The types of method suitable for a dissertation could include content analysis, a small scale ethnographic study, small scale in-depth qualitative interviewing. Whether you choose qualitative or quantitative analysis will depend on several things: Your preferred philosophical approach realist, phenomenologist or constructionist.
Your skills and abilities with methods of data collection if needed and analysis.
The topic or issue you are interested in. How you frame your research question. Can I combine qualitative and quantitative methods?
There are many ways in which qualitative and quantitative data and analysis can be combined.
Here are two examples. You may be interested in doing an analysis that is primarily quantitative, looking at social trends, or policy implications. After doing your quantitative analysis, you should include a chapter or section on the qualitative data you have collected.
In your discussion of findings you can use the qualitative data to help you understand the patterns in the quantitative analysis.
You may be interested in doing an evaluative case study of a process or policy. You will triangulate methods — i. You will analyse each type of data and describe this, and then write a discussion that shows how each piece of analysis contributes to the overall picture of what is going on.
Your supervisor or research methods tutor may be able to give you detailed examples of these or other ways to combine methods. Can my dissertation be entirely literature-based?
If you decide to do a primarily theoretical dissertation, it is almost certain that your dissertation will be entirely literature-based.
This is likely to be the methodology of theoretical analysis:Planning and conducting a dissertation research project Study guide This guide addresses the task of planning and conducting a small research project, such as for an undergraduate or masters’ level dissertation.
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To address how to write a methodology, in the Methodology section of your dissertation you have to justify and explain your choice of methodologies employed in your research. You don’t however have to explain the methodological approaches that you could have used. Methodologies1 Introduction. The way you approach your question will have a profound effect upon the way you construct your dissertation, so this section discusses the types of research you might undertake for your dissertation.
The deductive research approach is based on the general idea to reach at the specific situation and it is linked with the positivism paradigm, whereas, inductive approach works over a specific idea to generalize the situation as per the research topic, which is linked with the interpretivism paradigm (Crowther and Lancaster ).
Discussion of research approach is a vital part of any scientific study regardless of the research area. Within the methodology chapter of your dissertation to you need to explain the main differences between inductive, deductive and abductive approaches.